LANDING OBLIGATION IN DISARRAY

DISCARDING UNWANTED CATCH is one of the oldest and most intractable of fishery management problems. Any method of harvesting fish, including relatively selective ones like angling, involves collateral capture of species and conditions of fish other than the desired target ones but the wholesale destruction of marine fauna became apparent in the fourteenth century, coinciding with the invention of trawling/dredging. …

AN INTENSIFYING SCRAMBLE

Since industrial fishing commenced in the 1950s, the living resources of the oceans have progressively declined. The facts are documented in a multitude of scientific papers. In 2003 the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations reviewed the status of 600 marine fish stocks world-wide and concluded that 77% were “fully” or excessively exploited while less than a quarter …